Most of the current living conditions for residents have limited land pages. Meanwhile, the desire to have green space in the yard is also great, such as ornamental plants, coconut bonsai and fruit trees. Many of the agribusiness friends have a desire to plant fruit trees such as guava trees in their backyard. But sometimes this desire is hindered by the condition that the home page has no land to plant. If the conditions are like that, you can do it by grafting a guava tree. Grafting has the meaning of making a branch (branch) take root (the skin is peeled off a little and bandaged with coconut spiked with earth). Grafting is a way of vegetative propagation. This method does not require a page of soil to plant it, but you can plant it in pots depending on the availability of yard space. By grafting, my friend, you will get a tree that grows fast, but not tall, and will produce fruit of very similar quality to its host tree.
1. Tools and materials
Grafting does not require special and expensive tools. Buddy can take advantage of existing tools and materials and is everyday gear.
Instrument. Buddy needs tools, among other things knife strong to clear the bark of trees, cuttings or saw to cut another’s side, such or tires to bind the grafted branches, fire to carry water and scale to climb the branch of the tree to be grafted. If you don’t have a ladder, you can climb the tree directly, but be careful.
- Material. Materials for grafting uses fertile soil to wrap clean tree bark, root stimulating hormone to stimulate root growth, manure or compost as a source of nutrients for logs and clear plastic or coir to cover the soil.
2. Guava tree host selection
To get the results of guava grafts that are of superior quality, you need to choose a quality mother plant (host). In addition, the age of the mother of the guava tree is old enough and has a strong body.
It is a superior seed. To determine the quality of the parent plant comes from superior seeds or not. Buddy can ask the owner of the guava tree type/variety. If you or the owner of the guava tree do not know the type/variety of the tree, try to pay attention to the results of the tree. The concern of the parent tree is fruit, trunk condition and tree growth. If the fruit, stem condition and growth match what you want. So you can make guava tree as parent tree. Because the purpose of grafting is to get the same guava tree as the parent.
Sufficiently aged and sturdy. After you find the guava mother tree, make sure that the tree can be used as a mother plant. How do I find out? You can see if the tree has borne fruit or not. Additionally, note that the condition of the main trunk of the tree is solid. If the guava tree has already fruited and the main trunk of the tree is robust, it can be used as a mother plant.
3. Preparation of planting media
The next step is to prepare the planting medium in the form of fertile soil and pots or polythene bags as a place to plant guava trees.
Fertile soil processing. While you’re waiting for your transplant results, you can cultivate the soil to make it fertile. The need for fertile soil is according to the plan for the number of guava grafts. Then, the fertile soil to fill the pot or polythene bag. When you start planting, you should mix the fertile soil with manure/compost. To stimulate the growth of guava trees.
Polybag or pot. Pots or polythene bags are places to plant guava trees. The size of the pot should be consistent with the expansion limits of the guava tree later. If the size of the pot is no longer suitable for the guava tree, then you need to replace the pot/polybag with a new one.
4. How to easily transplant a guava tree
The next step is to start grafting the guava tree. Buddy can start grafting from preparing the tree, separating the tree from the owner and planting in the planting medium.
- Tree preparation. The future tree is part of the parent branch of the guava tree. So we need to choose a tree branch whose condition is straight, healthy and strong, with a diameter of about 3 cm. The branch I chose is cut in a circle at the base of the branch. Measure from the base of the branch 3-5 cm long, then cut into a circle. Next, clean the skin of the branch along the earlier 3-5 cm. Clean the skin so that the mucus-like cambium is clearly visible. Clean the cambium by scraping it with a knife until it is clean or looks dry. Root growth hormone (ZPT root) is applied to the top of the base of the branches. Take enough fertile soil to cover the clean side of the branch. Then cover with plastic or coir. Then you can tie it at the tip and at the base until it goes through the 1-2 cm incision. Treat the piece by watering it with enough water every morning and evening.
- Separation of the will tree from the owner. After 2-3 months or until the graft part grows roots, the graft part has been successful. Using pruning shears or a hacksaw, cut the graft below the graft bond. When cutting, reduce the number of leaves and other branches to reduce excessive evaporation. Open plastic wrap or coconut that has grown roots.
- Planting in planting media. After that, the cuttings are sown in polyethylene bags or pots containing a mixture of soil and manure/compost in the ratio of 3:1. You can plant these cuttings in pots. If you continue to plant guava trees from deep grafts, then you must be diligent in cutting the tops of the trees so that they do not grow larger.
5. Care and Maintenance
Even if you have succeeded in transferring the results of guava grafting to the planting medium, the maintenance and care of the guava tree must continue. The growth of the guava tree is intended to be as expected, meaning the tree can bear fruit even if the tree is short.
- Care. Watering treatment every morning and evening. Adaptation to weather conditions. When it is in the rainy season, watering does not wait for any rain. The purpose of watering is to keep the potting soil moist and not dry.
- Maintenance. For the guava tree to thrive, it needs to clear the weeds that are in the pot. Add manure/compost if it is reduced as it dissolves during watering. And the supply of plant vitamins so that the tree is not attacked by disease. Check regularly to see plant growth. Including if there are diseases that attack the plants.
How about Agribusiness Buddy, it is not easy to graft a guava tree. Because the guava tree is also a living thing, so from the beginning to the end, you have to perform with all your heart. To get good results too. Good luck.