Hello, Welcome to Pendidikanmu.com, a web about education in a complete and accurate way. Currently, your education administrator wants to talk about the material Kingdom of Samudra Pasai? Your education administrator will discuss this material in detail, among other things: the remains of the samudra kingdom of Pasai and its images.
Legacy of the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai
As the first Islamic government in the islands, this government is highly respected by its opponents and friends.
This hotel is located on the north coast of Sumatra Island, specifically in North Aceh Regency, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam.
And it was built in 1267 AD. under the leadership of Marah Silu, entitled Sultan Malik As-Saleh.
Samudra Pasai reached its peak in 1383-1405 AD, succeeded under the sultanate of Sultan Zain AL-Abidin Malik Az-Zahir.
Unfortunately, this kingdom had to collapse in 1521, after an attack by the Portuguese.
The Kingdom of Samudra Pasai has various kinds of relics that we can still see in Lhokseumawe and North Aceh.
However, not all relics of the Samudra Pasai kingdom can be found.
Royal relics that we can still see include Nissans, tombs, manuscripts and various other relics.
For more details, we refer to the 10 relics of Samudra Pasai Kingdom along with their explanations below.
1. Tombstone of Sunan Malik As-Salih
The two tombs of Sunan Malik As-Salih have a flat rectangular shape with the top formed by two crowns.
On the front and back of each tombstone are three panels made of thin boards and carved Arabic calligraphy. At the end of the headstone is an oval frame on which Arabic calligraphy letters have been engraved.
Asmanidar (2016: 410) means the following among all calligraphic engravings on tombstones:
“This tomb belongs to the deceased, who is respected, forgiven and devoted, gives advice, is famous, grandson, diligent in worship, has a conqueror, named Sultan Malik As-Salih. Death, the month of Ramadan in the year 696 Hijri or 1297 AD.
There is an Arabic poem near his grave which means:
In fact, this world is only temporary, nothing lasts forever. Truly, this world is like a nest (house) embroidered by a small insect, a spider. Enough with your busy world. Life (age) is only a small part of the time one will return to it.
2. Nisan Sultanah Nahrasiyah
Sultanah’s tomb is in Meunasah Kuta Krueng.
On his tomb is the family tree of the Samudra Pasai rulers.
Known as the most beautiful tomb in Southeast Asia, because the tomb of Sultanah Nahrasiyah has a high tombstone and is connected to a tombstone.
All parts of the tomb are made of white marble, which was directly imported from Gujarat.
His tomb is also decorated with Sure Yasin, which is beautifully written on his tombstone.
There are also faecal verses, fragments of Al Imran verse 18-19, Albaqarah which is beautifully carved on the basis of calligraphy.
There are also Arabic writings that Dahlia (2004) believes in Asmanidar 2016: 411:
“This tomb shines and holy Queen Fadil must be forgiven. ALMARHUMAH NAHRASIYAH, who was given the title, was descended from KHADIYU, son of HAIDAR bin SAID, son of SULTAN ZAINAL ABIDIN, son of SULTAN AHMAD bin MALIK AS – SALIH, died Monday 17 Zulhijjah 832 Hijri or 1428 AD.
3. Tomb of Teungku Peuet Ploh Peue
The burial complex contains 44 scholars from the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai who died as a result of the death and forbids the marriage of the biological daughter of the king to the king.
This burial complex is located in the village of Beuringen in the Samudera subdistrict.
Verses from Surah Al-Imran 18 are also engraved on his tombstone.
4. Tomb of Tengku Sidi Abdullah Tajul Nillah
The tomb, which is a relic of the Abbasid dynasty, is located in the village of Kuta Krueng.
He is the great-grandson of a Caliph, Caliph Al-Muntasir. Tengku Sidi Abdullah is the Minister of Finance in the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai.
The tombstone on his tomb is made of marble, which is decorated with calligraphic carvings.
5. Tomb of Queen Al-Aqla (Nur Illah)
She is the daughter of Muhammad Malik Dhahir. The tomb in Meunje Tujoh Keca Matangkuli village has Arabic and Kawi calligraphy engraved on the tombstone.
6. Makam Sultan Muhammad Malik Al-Zahir
He was the son of the leader of the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai in 1287-1326 AD, Malik Al-Saleh.
His grave is right next to the grave of his late father Malik Al-Saleh.
7. The manuscript of a letter of Sultan Zainal Abidin
Before the death of Sultan Zainal Abidin, he had written a manuscript addressed to the Portuguese Viceroy residing in India namely Captain Moran in 1518 AD. or 923 AD
The letter he wrote contained information about the state of the kingdom of Samudra Pasai at that time, namely in the 16th century.
This letter also describes how the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai ruled after the Portuguese won against Malacca in 1511.
This sentence is written in Arabic.
This letter also contains the names of the kingdoms that are closely related to the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai.
Therefore, the spelling of different kingdoms can be seen. Such as Mulaqat State (Malacca) and Fariyaman State (Pariyaman).
8. Samudra Pasai Government Stamp
This stamp is believed to belong to the second Sultan of the Kingdom of Samudera Pasai, namely Sultan Muhammad Malikul Zahir. The claim was made by scholars of the history of the Islamic Empire.
This seal was found in Kuta Krueng, Samudra, North Aceh.
It was found broken on the handle of a postage stamp and it was very small in size which was only 2 cm long and only 1 cm wide and had a base like the horns of an animal.
Many believe that this stamp was used until the last ruler of the Samudra Pasai Kingdom, namely Sultan Zainal Abidin.
9. Samudra Pasai Government Dirham
This coin with a diameter of 10 mm and a weight of 0.6 grams is made of 70% pure 18 carat gold with no paper admixture.
Unlike the Samudera Pasai Kingdom era which was made of pure gold. Dirhams are now more often found with paper.
There are two types of dirham, namely dirham and half dirham. There is one side of Dirham Muhammad Malik Al-Zahir and the other side of Al-Sultan Al-Adil.
The dirham was used at the time as a special currency for commercial land transactions
The printing technique for making dirhams had spread to Sumatra to reach the peninsula, while Aceh managed to take control of the Kingdom of Samudera Pasai.
10. Chakra Donya
Donya Chakra is shaped like a bell, which is called a sacred bell.
The world chakra is an iron crown-shaped bell, similar to the setupa. Produced in 1409 AD. by China.
At 125cm high and 75cm wide, this world chakra bell is huge.
The world of Chakras has two meanings. The first chakra means the sun or the horizon, the axis of the chariot or the symbol of Vishnu. And the second world has the meaning of the world.
In the outer world, the chakra bells are decorations and signs with Arabic and Chinese designs. The Arabic writing is no longer legible because it has faded.
While the Chinese characters read: “Sing Fang Intention Tong Juut Kat Yat Tjo”, which means “Sultan Sing Fa, who is in the 12 months of the year 5”.
This bell is a gift from the Chinese government to the leaders of the Kingdom of Samudera Pasai. And he moved to Aceh when the Portuguese were conquered by Sultan Ali Shah Mughayat.
But basically Chakra Donya is a bell that comes from outside Indonesia.
Thus the discussion about 10 Relics of Samudra Pasai Kingdom and their pictures from your education
Read more articles: